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Patanjali Yoga Sutra

Patanjali Yoga Sutras are compiled as a system that gives an insight about how the human population can achieve the ultimate aim of life, “Moksha” {Liberation}. It deals with overcoming the pain of the material world. A compilation of 195 Sutras divided into 4 chapters;

Samadhi Pada

Sadhana Pada

Vibhuti Pada

Kaivalya Pada.



Chitta means Mind. It blends together the knowledge gathered by Senses and Pranas. Chitta is made up of;

5 Jnanendriyas; These bring the knowledge related to sound, touch, light, taste and smell.

5 karmendriyas; These bring knowledge related to the movement of objects.

5 pranas; Knowledge related to the Perception of the inertness of object is brought by Pranas.

Ego; Means an attitude of “Everything is happening because of me”.


Chitta Bhumis (State of mind)

Chitta means the state of mind; a condition in which a mind resides usually. There are 5 such states of mind.

1. Ksipta– Also known as restless mind. This mind has neither patience nor the necessary intelligence to understand the sensuous concept and subtler principles of life. When in malice, this mind can be in a state of concentration for a short span of time, but that is not recognized as the yogic kind of concentration.

2. Mudha– Also known as Infatuated Mind. This mind is unable to understand subtler principles of life, it focuses more on principles like money and power. Here, the concentration is focused just towards earning, living life, fulfilling desires. Hence, they have the power to concentrate but that is again not the yogic concentration. The mind is dull.

3. Viksipta– Also known as distracted mind. It can understand the spiritual dimensions and other complicated information but is unable to process it all at once. It is capable of making efforts towards concentrating more but the concentration does not last for long span of time. However, if continuous efforts are made, this mind is then able to achieve the yogic concentration.

4. Ekagra– Also known as a mind which is one-pointed. This mind can hold on to any object for a long span of time, and can continue even in sleep. The person is ready to focus on things. With constant practice and efforts {Abhyasa} mind gets prepared for Samprajnata Samadhi {A samadhi with an object in mind}.

5. Nirudha– Also known as arrested mind. The mind is not distracted by any external factor. This mind is capable of being in Asamprajnata Samadhi {A samadhi without an object in mind} and eventually achieves Moksha {Liberation}.

Work on your mind. Learn to control your mind, the opposite is not healthy.”

-Nehul Mishra.





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